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Membrane-mediated forces can stabilize tubular assemblies of I-Bar proteins

Abstract : Collective action by Inverse-BAR (I-BAR) domains drive micron-scale membrane remodeling. The macroscopic curvature sensing and generation behavior of I-BAR domains is well characterized, and computational models have suggested various mechanisms on simplified membrane systems, but there remain missing connections between the complex environment of the cell and the models proposed thus far. Here, we show a connection between the role of protein curvature and lipid clustering in the stabilization of large membrane deformations. We find lipid clustering provides a directional membrane-mediated interaction between membrane-bound I-BAR domains. Lipid clusters stabilize I-BAR domain aggregates that would not arise through membrane fluctuation-based or curvature-based interactions. Inside of membrane protrusions, lipid cluster-mediated interaction draws long side-by-side aggregates together resulting in more cylindrical protrusions as opposed to bulbous, irregularly shaped protrusions. Statement of Significance Membrane remodeling occurs throughout the cell and is crucial to proper cellular function. In the cellular environment, I-BAR proteins are responsible for sensing membrane curvature and initiating the formation of protrusions outward from the cell. Additionally, there is a large body of evidence that I-BAR domains are sufficient to reshape the membrane on scales much larger than any single domain. The mechanism by which I-BAR domains can remodel the membrane is uncertain. However, experiments show that membrane composition and most notably negativelycharge lipids like PIP2 play a role in the onset of tubulation. Using coarse-grained models, we show that I-BAR domains can cluster negatively charge lipids and clustered PIP2-like membrane structures facilitate a directional membrane-mediated interaction between I-BAR domains.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03366985
Contributor : Patricia Bassereau Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 6, 2021 - 5:31:06 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 3:14:56 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 6:10:28 PM

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Zack Jarin, Alexander J Pak, Patricia Bassereau, Gregory A Voth. Membrane-mediated forces can stabilize tubular assemblies of I-Bar proteins. Biophysical Journal, Biophysical Society, 2020, 120 (1), pp.46-54. ⟨10.1101/2020.06.10.144527⟩. ⟨hal-03366985⟩

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