Initiation of cracks in Griffith's theory: an argument of continuity in favor of global minimization

Abstract : The initiation of a crack in a sound body is a real issue in the setting of Griffith's theory of brittle fracture. If one uses the concept of critical energy release rate (Griffith's criterion), it is in general impossible to initiate a crack. On the other hand, if we replace it by a least energy principle (Francfort-Marigo's criterion), it becomes possible to predict the onset of cracking in any circumstance. However this latter criterion can appear too strong. We propose here to reinforce its interest by an argument of continuity. Specifically, we consider the issue of the initiation of a crack at a notch whose angle $\omega$ is considered as a parameter. The result predicted by the Griffith criterion is not continuous with respect to $\omega$, since no initiation occurs when $\omega>0$ while a crack initiates when $\omega=0$. In contrast, the Francfort-Marigo's criterion delivers a response which is continuous with respect to $\omega$, even though the onset of cracking is necessarily brutal when $\omega>0$
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Jean-Jacques Marigo. Initiation of cracks in Griffith's theory: an argument of continuity in favor of global minimization. Journal of Nonlinear Science, Springer Verlag, 2010, 20 (6), pp.831-868. ⟨hal-00492234⟩

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