Deuterium-Deuterium Fusion Dynamics in Low-Density Molecular-Cluster Jets Irradiated by Intense Ultrafast Laser Pulses

Abstract : Following the interaction of superintense, short pulse lasers and plasmas, ions can be accelerated to velocities sufficient to drive nuclear fusion reactions, in particular, by the process of Coulomb explosion of clusters [T. Ditmire et al., Nature (London) 398, 491 (1999)]. We show here how short bursts of neutrons can be produced using a jet of low-density deuterated methane clusters. Ion velocity distributions were simultaneously measured by a Thomson parabola mass spectrometer, demonstrating deuteron energies up to 120 keV. We show that, in such conditions, nuclear fusion will occur not only in the hot plasma core, but also in the cold outer region by collision processes.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 4, 2010 - 3:26:45 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 10:48:02 AM

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G. Grillon, Philippe Balcou, Jean-Paul Chambaret, D. Hulin, J. Martino, et al.. Deuterium-Deuterium Fusion Dynamics in Low-Density Molecular-Cluster Jets Irradiated by Intense Ultrafast Laser Pulses. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2002, 89 (6), pp.065005. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.065005⟩. ⟨hal-00523226⟩

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