Reflectivity oscillations of fs-laser excited Bismuth : Excitation of coherent phonons

Abstract : We present the experimental and theoretical studies of the optical response from the single-crystal of bismuth to the excitation by the femtosecond laser pulse. The experimental results revealed a complex, first - positive and a few picoseconds later - negative, change in time-dependent reflectivity, which could not be explained in the light of the existing theories. It is shown that reflectivity oscillations are related to the excitation of coherent phonons by the pulse with duration shorter of all relaxation times. We demonstrate that swiftly heated electrons are responsible for the phonon excitation due to the fast modification of the attractive (electronic) part of inter-atomic potential. The electronic perturbation of potential is also responsible for the red shift of phonon frequency and for the increase in the amplitude of phonons. The coherent phonon excitation process as well as the change in the reflectivity is related mainly to the modification of the electron-phonon momentum exchange frequency. The comparison between the theory and experiments shows an excellent agreement. Moreover, the reflectivity measurements allow direct recovery of the electron-phonon coupling rate in bismuth crystal, which has not been measured before.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 10, 2011 - 3:44:57 PM
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Davide Boschetto, E.G. Gamaly, Andrei V. Rode, David Glijer, Thomas Garl, et al.. Reflectivity oscillations of fs-laser excited Bismuth : Excitation of coherent phonons. SPIE Proceedings Series, 2006, 6261, pp.62610N. ⟨10.1117/12.669618⟩. ⟨hal-00554293⟩

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