Ultrashort pulse laser surgery of the cornea and the sclera

Abstract : The strongly localized interaction process of ultrashort laser pulses with tissue makes femtosecond lasers a powerful tool for eye surgery. These lasers are now routinely used in refractive surgery and other forms of surgery of the anterior segment of the eye. Several clinical laser systems also offer options for corneal grafting and the potential use of ultrashort pulse lasers in glaucoma surgery has been the object of several recent studies which have shown promising results. While devices aimed for interventions in clear tissue may be based on available solid state or fibre laser technology, the development of tools for surgery in more strongly scattering tissue has to account for the compromised tissular transparency and requires the development of optimized laser sources. The present paper focuses on surgery of clear and pathological cornea as well as sclera. It aims to give an overview over typical medical indications for ultrashort pulse laser surgery, the optics of the tissues involved, the available laser technology, the laser–tissue interaction process, and possible future developments.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 20, 2011 - 12:52:33 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 10:48:02 AM

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Karsten Plamann, Florent Aptel, C. L. Arnold, Antoine Courjaud, Caroline Crotti, et al.. Ultrashort pulse laser surgery of the cornea and the sclera. Journal of Optics, Institute of Physics (IOP), 2010, 12 (8), pp.084002. ⟨10.1088/2040-8978/12/8/084002⟩. ⟨hal-00557937⟩

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