https://hal-polytechnique.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00728313Bui, Hui DuongHui DuongBuiLMS - Laboratoire de mécanique des solides - X - École polytechnique - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueOn Duality, Symmetry and Symmetry lost in Solid MechanicsHAL CCSD2012DualitySymmetry lostInverse Problems[SPI.MECA.SOLID] Engineering Sciences [physics]/Mechanics [physics.med-ph]/Solid mechanics [physics.class-ph][PHYS.MECA.SOLID] Physics [physics]/Mechanics [physics]/Solid mechanics [physics.class-ph]Maitournam, Habibou2012-09-05 15:07:592021-11-17 12:28:112012-09-05 15:35:02enConference papersapplication/pdf1The paper recalls the concept of duality in Mathematics and extends it to Solid Mechanics. One important application of duality is to restore some symmetry between current fields and their adjoint ones. This leads to many alternative schemes for numerical analyses, different from the classical one as used in classical variational formulation of boundary value problems (Finite Element Method). Usually, Conservation laws in Fracture Mechanics make use of the current fields, displacement and stress. Many conservation laws of this type are not free of the source term. Consequently, one cannot derive path-independent integrals for use in Fracture Mechanics. The introduction of variables and dual or adjoint variables leads to true path-independent integrals. Duality also introduces some anti-symmetry in current fields and adjoint ones for some boundary value problems. The symmetry is lost between fields and adjoint fields. The last notion enables us to derive new variational formulation on dual subspaces and to exactly solve inverse problems for detecting cracks and volume defects.