Influence of the Lode parameter and the stress triaxiality on the failure of elasto-plastic porous materials

Abstract : This work makes use of a recently developed ''second-order'' homogenization model to investigate failure in porous elasto-plastic solids under general triaxial loading conditions. The model incorporates dependence on the porosity and average pore shape, whose evolution is sensitive to the stress triaxiality and Lode parameter L. For positive triaxiality (with overall tensile hydrostatic stress), two different macroscopic failure mechanisms are possible, depending on the level of the triaxiality. At high triaxiality, void growth induces softening of the material, which overtakes the intrinsic strain hardening of the matrix phase, leading to a maximum in the effective stress-strain relation for the porous material, followed by loss of ellipticity by means of dilatant shear localization bands. In this regime, the ductility decreases with increasing triaxiality and is weakly dependent on the Lode parameter, in agreement with earlier theoretical analyses and experimental observations. At low triaxiality, however, a new mechanism comes into play consisting in the abrupt collapse of the voids along a compressive direction (with small, but finite porosity), which can dramatically soften the response of the porous material, leading to a sudden drop in its load-carrying capacity, and to loss of ellipticity of its incremental constitutive relation through localization of deformation. This low-triaxiality failure mechanism leads to a reduction in the ductility of the material as the triaxiality decreases to zero, and is highly dependent on the value of the Lode parameter. Thus, while no void collapse is observed at low triaxiality for axisymmetric tension (L=-1), the ductility of the material drops sharply with decreasing values of the Lode parameter, and is smallest for biaxial tension with axisymmetric compression (L=+1). In addition, the model predicts a sharp transition from the low-triaxiality regime, with increasing ductility, to the high-triaxiality regime, with decreasing ductility, as the failure mechanism switches from void collapse to void growth, and is in qualitative agreement with recent experimental work.
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Kostas Danas, Pedro Ponte Castañeda. Influence of the Lode parameter and the stress triaxiality on the failure of elasto-plastic porous materials. International Journal of Solids and Structures, Elsevier, 2012, 49, pp.1325-1342. ⟨hal-00755852⟩

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