Covalent methionylation of Escherichia coli methionyl-tRNA synthetase: Identification of the labeled amino acid residues by matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry

Abstract : Methionyl-adenylate, the mixed carboxylic-phosphoric acid anhydride synthesized by methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS) is capable of reacting with this synthetase or other proteins, by forming an isopeptide bond with the epsilon-NH2 group of lysyl residues. It is proposed that the mechanism for the in vitro methionylation of MetRS might be accounted for by the in situ covalent reaction of methionyl-adenylate with lysine side chains surrounding the active center of the enzyme, as well as by exchange of the label between donor and acceptor proteins. Following the incorporation of 7.0 +/- 0.5 mol of methionine per mol of a monomeric truncated methionyl-tRNA synthetase species, the enzymic activities of [P-32]PP1-ATP isotopic exchange and tRNA(Met) aminoacylation were lowered by 75% and more than 90%, respectively. The addition of tRNA(Met) protected the enzyme against inactivation and methionine incorporation. Matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry designated lysines-114, -132, -142 (or -147), -270, -282. -335, -362, -402, -439, -465, and -547 of truncated methionyl-tRNA synthetase as the target residues for covalent binding of methionine. These lysyl residues are distributed at the surface of the enzyme between three regions [114-150], [270-362], and [402-465], all of which were previously shown to be involved in catalysis or to be located in the binding sites of the three substrates, methionine, ATP, and tRNA.
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Sylvie Gillet, Codjo Hountondji, Jean-Marie Schmitter, Sylvain Blanquet. Covalent methionylation of Escherichia coli methionyl-tRNA synthetase: Identification of the labeled amino acid residues by matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry. Protein Science, Wiley, 1997, 6 (11), pp.2426. ⟨10.1002/pro.5560061116⟩. ⟨hal-00788518⟩

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