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Crystal structure at 1.2 A resolution and active site mapping of Escherichia coli peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase.

Abstract : Peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase activity from Escherichia coli ensures the recycling of peptidyl-tRNAs produced through abortion of translation. This activity, which is essential for cell viability, is carried out by a monomeric protein of 193 residues. The structure of crystalline peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase could be solved at 1.2 A resolution. It indicates a single alpha/beta globular domain built around a twisted mixed beta-sheet, similar to the central core of an aminopeptidase from Aeromonas proteolytica. This similarity allowed the characterization by site-directed mutagenesis of several residues of the active site of peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase. These residues, strictly conserved among the known peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase sequences, delineate a channel which, in the crystal, is occupied by the C-end of a neighbouring peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase molecule. Hence, several main chain atoms of three residues belonging to one peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase polypeptide establish contacts inside the active site of another peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase molecule. Such an interaction is assumed to represent the formation of a complex between the enzyme and one product of the catalysed reaction.
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Contributor : Denis Roura Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 19, 2013 - 12:45:00 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 13, 2022 - 2:20:44 PM

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Emmanuelle Schmitt, Yves Mechulam, Michel Fromant, Pierre Plateau, Sylvain Blanquet. Crystal structure at 1.2 A resolution and active site mapping of Escherichia coli peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase.. EMBO Journal, EMBO Press, 1997, 16 (15), pp.4760-9. ⟨10.1093/emboj/16.15.4760⟩. ⟨hal-00788523⟩



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