Sensitivity of cardiac background inward rectifying K+ outward current (IK1) to the alkaloids lepadiformines A, B, and C

Abstract : Three marine alkaloids, purified from Clavelina moluccensis, were structurally identified as lepadiformines A, B, and C and studied on frog atrial myocytes IK1, using the patch-clamp technique. Lepadiformine A (0.4 to 3.3 μM) blocked IK1 dose-dependently with an apparent dissociation constant (KD) equal to 1.42 μM and a stoichiometry of 0.77. The block is voltage-dependent, suggesting that lepadiformine A occupies a receptor site located at about two-thirds of the membrane depth. The shortening of the aliphatic chain at position C13 of lepadiformine B decreased the potency of the molecule to block IK1 but not the affinity (KD = 1.56 μM) and stoichiometry (0.72). Additional deletion of the oxygenated side chain at C2 in lepadiformine C markedly decreased the inhibitory effect of the molecule. In conclusion, lepadiformine modulates IK1 response in cardiac muscle. The oxygenated side chain in C2 is implicated in the affinity of lepadiformine, which behaved as an amine, for a receptor located near or inside the IK1 pore, and the aliphatic chain length at position C13 is involved in the degree of IK1 blockage.
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Martin-Pierre Sauviat, J. Vercauteren, N. Grimaud, M. Jugé, M. Nabil, et al.. Sensitivity of cardiac background inward rectifying K+ outward current (IK1) to the alkaloids lepadiformines A, B, and C. Journal of Natural Products, American Chemical Society, 2006, 69 (4), pp.558. ⟨10.1021/np050215s⟩. ⟨hal-00827920⟩

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