Dynamic regulation of the inducible nitric-oxide synthase by NO - Comparison with the endothelial isoform

Abstract : We studied by ultrafast time-resolved absorption spectroscopy the geminate recombination of NO to the oxygenase domain of the inducible NO synthase, iNOSoxy, and to mutated proteins at position Trp-457. This tryptophan interacts with the tetrahydrobiopterin cofactor BH4, and W457A/F mutations largely reduced the catalytic formation of NO. BH4 decreases the rate of NO rebinding to the ferric iNOSoxy compared with that measured in its absence. The pterin has a larger effect on W457A/F than on the WT protein by increasing NO release from the protein. Therefore, BH4 raises the energy barrier for NO recombination to the mutated proteins in contrast with our observations on eNOS (SlamaSchwok, A., Negrerie, M., Berka, V., Lambry, J: C., Tsai, A.-L., Vos, M., and Martin, J.-L. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 7581-7586). Thus, we show a differential effect of BH4 on NO release from eNOS and iNOS. Compared with the position of this residue in the BH4-repleted enzyme, simulations of the NO dissociation dynamics point out at a swing of Trp-457 toward the missing pterin in the absence of BH4. NO geminate-rebinding data show a more efficient NO release from eNOS than from iNOS once NO is formed. Consistently, NO produced by iNOS is regulated by its ferric nitrosyl complex in contrast with eNOS. We show that the small enhancement of the NO geminate recombination rate in W457A/F compared with that in the WT enzyme cannot explain the decrease of NO yield because of the mutation; the major effect of the mutation thus arises from an uncoupled catalysis (Wang, Z. Q., Wei, C. C., Ghosh, S., Meade, A. L., Hemann, C., Hille, R., and Stuehr, D. J. (2001) Biochemistry 40, 12819-12825).
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Clément Gautier, Michel Négrerie, Zq Wang, Jean-Christophe Lambry, Dennis Stuehr, et al.. Dynamic regulation of the inducible nitric-oxide synthase by NO - Comparison with the endothelial isoform. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2004, 279 (6), pp.4358. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M305048200⟩. ⟨hal-00831840⟩

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