Nitric oxide (NO) traffic in endothelial NO synthase. Evidence for a new NO binding site dependent on tetrahydrobiopterin?

Abstract : Nitric oxide (NO) traffic within the reduced ferrous-nitrosyl complex of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) has been studied by ultrafast time-resolved absorption spectroscopy. In the presence of tetrahydrobiopterin, the rate of NO rebinding to the heme upon photodissociation depends on the NO concentration. The time scale of this process, picoseconds to nanoseconds, precludes a diffusion from the solution toward the protein medium, and altogether the data point at a new NO binding site within the protein. Comparison of the kinetics of pterin-bound and -depleted eNOS points out that the existence of this new site depends on the presence of tetrahydrobiopterin. The new non-heme site may act as a "doorstep" to the heme pocket and control NO escape from eNOS.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 25, 2013 - 9:12:45 PM
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Anny Slama-Schwok, Michel Négrerie, V. Berka, Jean-Christophe Lambry, Ah-Lim Tsai, et al.. Nitric oxide (NO) traffic in endothelial NO synthase. Evidence for a new NO binding site dependent on tetrahydrobiopterin?. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2002, 277 (9), pp.7581. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M108657200⟩. ⟨hal-00836936⟩

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