Liquid chromatographic-electrospray ionization mass spectrometric quantitative analysis of buprenorphine, norbuprenorphine, nordiazepam and oxazepam in rat plasma.

Abstract : A liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometric method with electrospray ionization is presented for the simultaneous determination of buprenorphine, nordiazepam and their pharmacologically active metabolites, norbuprenorphine and oxazepam, in rat plasma. The drugs were extracted from plasma by liquid-liquid extraction and chromatographically separated using a gradient elution of aqueous ammonium formate and acetonitrile. Following electrospray ionization, the analytes were quantified in the single ion storage mode. The assay was validated according to current acceptance criteria for bioanalytical method validation. It was proved to be linear from 0.7 to 200 ng/ml plasma for buprenorphine, 1.0 to 200 ng/ml for norbuprenorphine, 2.0 to 200 ng/ml for nordiazepam, and from 5.0 to 200 ng/ml for oxazepam. The average recoveries of buprenorphine, norbuprenorphine, nordiazepam and oxazepam were 89, 39, 88 and 82%, respectively, with average coefficients of variation ranging from 1.8 to 14.3%. The limits of quantitation for these drugs were 0.7, 1.0, 2.0 and 5.0 ng/ml, respectively, with associated precisions within 17% and accuracies within +/-18% of the nominal values. Both the intra- and inter-assay precision values did not exceed 11.3% for the four analytes. Intra- and inter-assay accuracies lay within +/-15% of the nominal values. The validated method was applied to the determination of buprenorphine, norbuprenorphine, nordiazepam and oxazepam in plasma samples collected from rats at various times after intravenous administration of buprenorphine and nordiazepam.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 6, 2013 - 8:54:45 PM
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S. Pirnay, F. Hervé, Stéphane Bouchonnet, Bernard Perrin, F.J. Baud, et al.. Liquid chromatographic-electrospray ionization mass spectrometric quantitative analysis of buprenorphine, norbuprenorphine, nordiazepam and oxazepam in rat plasma.. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, Elsevier, 2006, 41 (4), pp.1135-1145. ⟨10.1016/j.jpba.2006.02.020⟩. ⟨hal-00904616⟩

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