A prototype for catalyzed amide bond cleavage: Production of the [NH3, H2O](center dot+) dimer from ionized formamide and its carbene isomer

Abstract : The reaction of ionized formamide H2NCHO.+ with water leads to an exclusive loss of CO from the complex. This contrasts with the unimolecular reaction of low-energy ionized formamide, which loses exclusively one hydrogen atom. The unimolecular loss of CO is not observed because it involves several H-transfers corresponding to high-energy barriers. Experimental and theoretical studies of the role of solvation by water on the fragmentation of ionized formamide leads to three different results: (1) In contrast with different systems previously studied, in which solvation plays only a role on one or two steps of a reaction, a molecule of water is efficient in the catalysis of the decarbonylation process because water catalyzes all the steps of the reaction of ionized formamide, including the final dissociation of the amide bond. (ii) The catalyzed isomerization of carbonylic radical cations into their carbene counterparts is shown to be an important step in the process. To study this step, a precise probe, characterizing the carbene structure by ion-molecule reaction, is for the first time described. (iii) Finally, decarbonylation of ionized formamide yields the [NH3, H2O](.+) ion, which has not been generated and experimentally studied previously, By this method, the [NH3, H2O](.+) ion is generated in abundance and with a low internal energy content, allowing one either to prepare, by ligand exchange, a series of other solvated radical cations or to generate covalent structures such as distonic ions. First results on related systems indicate that the conclusions obtained for ionized formamide are widespread.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 13, 2013 - 5:51:01 PM
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Guillaume van der Rest, Philippe Mourgues, Hristo Nedev, Henri Audier. A prototype for catalyzed amide bond cleavage: Production of the [NH3, H2O](center dot+) dimer from ionized formamide and its carbene isomer. Journal of the American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society, 2002, 124 (19), pp.5561-5569. ⟨10.1021/ja017760+⟩. ⟨hal-00918084⟩

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