Protonation thermochemistry of alpha,omega-alkyldiamines in the gas phase: A theoretical study

Abstract : The proton affinities (PA) of the three first members of the series of alpha,omega -alkyldiamines, 1,2-ethanediamine (1), 1,3-propanediamine (2), and 1,4-butanediamine (3), were calculated at the G2(MP2) level. [PA(M) = 947.7, 977.7, and 999.8 kJ/mol for M = 1, 2, 3, respectively.] Protonation entropies, DeltaS(p)degrees = S degrees (MH+) -S degrees (M), were estimated by explicitly considering the rotational barriers of the torsional modes in both the neutral molecules M = 1, 2, 3 and their protonated forms MH+. Calculated protonation entropy values are -17, -29, and -46 J . mol(-1) K(-1) for 1, 2, 3, respectively. Combining the calculated PA and DeltaS(p)degrees lead to calculated gas-phase basicities [GB(calc)(M) = 910.3, 936.9, and 953.6 kJ/mol for 1, 2, 3, respectively] in excellent agreement with experiment. [GB(exp)(M) = 912.4, 940.0, and 954.4 kJ/mol for 1, 2, 3, respectively.]
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Guy Bouchoux, Nadège Choret, F. Berruyer-Penaud. Protonation thermochemistry of alpha,omega-alkyldiamines in the gas phase: A theoretical study. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, American Chemical Society, 2001, 105 (16), pp.3989-3994. ⟨10.1021/jp003753g⟩. ⟨hal-00918627⟩

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