Stereochemical analysis of deuterated alkyl chains by MS/MS

Abstract : Vicinally deuterated sec-alkyl phenyl ethers, CH(3)(CH(2))(m)()CH(OPh)CHD(CH(2))(n)()CH(3), display significant differences in mass spectra between threo and erythro stereoisomers. MS/MS experiments, in which parent ions of a single mass are selected and their fragmentation patterns subsequently measured, show that alkene expulsion represents virtually the only decomposition pathway. Two types of MS/MS experiment are reported: mass-analyzed ion kinetic energy (MIKE) spectroscopy of metastable ions and collisionally activated decomposition (CAD) of stable ions. The expulsion of a deuterated alkene from a monodeuterated precursor yields ionized phenol, PhOH(*)()(+) (m/z 94). The expulsion of an undeuterated alkene yields PhOD(*)()(+) (m/z 95). Without exception, the ratios (PhOD(*)()(+)/PhOH(*)()(+)) from precursors in the threo series have values greater than their diastereomers in the erythro series. The ratio of ratios, r = PhOD(*)()(+)/PhOH(*)()(+) for the threo divided by PhOD(*)()(+)/PhOH(*)()(+) for the erythro, has a value of 1.2 for the 2-phenoxy-3-deuteriobutanes and larger values for all of the higher homologues up through the monodeuterated phenoxyoctanes (m + n = 4). The highest degree of stereoselectivity, r = 5.8, is measured for 3-phenoxy-4-deuteriohexane. Experiments with multiply deuterated analogues show that alkene elimination is highly regioselective, unlike the corresponding decompositions of ionized sec-alcohols or their acetates. The fact that a large fraction of ionized sec-alkyl phenyl ethers undergo stereospecific syn-elimination means that mass spectrometry has a useful capacity to distinguish one isotopically labeled diastereomer from another.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 25, 2013 - 2:21:28 PM
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J.P. Morizur, M.H. Taphanel, P.S. Mayer, T.H. Morton. Stereochemical analysis of deuterated alkyl chains by MS/MS. Journal of Organic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2000, 65 (2), pp.381-387. ⟨10.1021/jo9912247⟩. ⟨hal-00922253⟩

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