https://hal-polytechnique.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01117094Foures, DimitryDimitryFouresDAMTP - Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics - CAM - University of Cambridge [UK]Dovetta, NicolasNicolasDovettaLadHyX - Laboratoire d'hydrodynamique - X - École polytechnique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueSipp, DenisDenisSippONERA - The French Aerospace Lab [Meudon] - ONERA - Université Paris Saclay (COmUE)Schmid, Peter J.Peter J.SchmidDepartment of Mathematics [Imperial College London] - Imperial College LondonA data-assimilation method for Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes-driven mean flow reconstructionHAL CCSD2014general fluid mechanicsturbulence modellingvariational methods[PHYS.MECA.MEFL] Physics [physics]/Mechanics [physics]/Fluid mechanics [physics.class-ph]Roura, Denis2015-02-16 14:01:212023-03-24 14:53:002015-02-16 14:29:43enJournal articleshttps://hal-polytechnique.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01117094/document10.1017/jfm.2014.566application/pdf1We present a data-assimilation technique based on a variational formulation and a Lagrange multipliers approach to enforce the Navier–Stokes equations. A general operator (referred to as the measure operator) is defined in order to mathematically describe an experimental measure. The presented method is applied to the case of mean flow measurements. Such a flow can be described by the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations, which can be formulated as the classical Navier–Stokes equations driven by a forcing term involving the Reynolds stresses. The stress term is an unknown of the equations and is thus chosen as the control parameter in our study. The data-assimilation algorithm is derived to minimize the error between a mean flow measurement and the measure performed on a numerical solution of the steady, forced Navier–Stokes equations; the optimal forcing is found when this error is minimal. We demonstrate the developed data-assimilation framework on a test case: the two-dimensional flow around an infinite cylinder at a Reynolds number of Re = 150. The mean flow is computed by time-averaging instantaneous flow fields from a direct numerical simulation (DNS). We then perform several 'measures' on this mean flow and apply the data-assimilation method to reconstruct the full mean flow field. Spatial interpolation, extrapolation, state vector reconstruction and noise filtering are considered independently. The efficacy of the developed identification algorithm is quantified for each of these cases and compared with more traditional methods when possible. We also analyse the identified forcing in terms of unsteadiness characterization, present a way to recover the second-order statistical moments of the fluctuating velocities and finally explore the possibility of pressure reconstruction from velocity measurements.