Controlling Redox Status for Stem Cell Survival, Expansion, and Differentiation

Abstract : Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have long been considered as pathological agents inducing apoptosis under adverse culture conditions. However, recent findings have challenged this dogma and physiological levels of ROS are now considered as secondary messengers, mediating numerous cellular functions in stem cells. Stem cells represent important tools for tissue engineering, drug screening, and disease modeling. However, the safe use of stem cells for clinical applications still requires culture improvements to obtain functional cells. With the examples of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), this review investigates the roles of ROS in the maintenance of self-renewal, proliferation, and differentiation of stem cells. In addition, this work highlights that the tight control of stem cell microenvironment, including cell organization, and metabolic and mechanical environments, may be an effective approach to regulate endogenous ROS generation. Taken together, this paper indicates the need for better quantification of ROS towards the accurate control of stem cell fate.
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Sébastien Sart, Liqing Song, Yan Li. Controlling Redox Status for Stem Cell Survival, Expansion, and Differentiation. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, Hindawi, 2015, 2015, pp.105135. ⟨10.1155/2015/105135⟩. ⟨hal-01214302⟩

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