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Thermal stability and binding energetics of thymidylate synthase ThyX

Abstract : The bacterial thymidylate synthase ThyX is a multisubstrate flavoenzyme that takes part in the de novo synthesis of thymidylate in a variety of microorganisms. Herein we study the effect of FAD and dUMP binding on the thermal stability of wild type (WT) ThyX from the mesophilic Paramecium bursaria chlorella virus-1 (PBCV-1) and from the thermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima (TmThyX), and from two variants of TmThyX, Y91F and S88W, using differential scanning calorimetry. The energetics underlying these processes was characterized by isothermal titration calorimetry. The PBCV-1 protein is significantly less stable against the thermal challenge than the TmThyX WT. FAD exerted stabilizing effect greater for PBCV-1 than for TmThyX and for both mutants, whereas binding of dUMP to FAD-loaded proteins stabilized further only TmThyX. Different thermodynamic signatures describe the FAD binding to the WT ThyX proteins. While TmThyX binds FAD with a low μM binding affinity in a process characterized by a favorable entropy change, the assembly of PBCV-1 with FAD is governed by a large enthalpy change opposed by an unfavorable entropy change resulting in a relatively strong nM binding. An enthalpy-driven formation of a high affinity ternary ThyX/FAD/dUMP complex was observed only for TmThyX.
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Submitted on : Sunday, February 26, 2017 - 8:36:44 PM
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Sashka Krumova, Svetla Todinova, Milena Tileva, Latifa Bouzhir-Sima, Marten H. Vos, et al.. Thermal stability and binding energetics of thymidylate synthase ThyX. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Elsevier, 2016, 91, pp.560 - 567. ⟨10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.05.083⟩. ⟨hal-01477053⟩



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