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, The "charge leakage" can be huge in comparison with the charge accumulation ?n at the edges, while the power dissipated by this leakage remains negligible with respect to the total dissipation. The case of sizable power dissipated by the leakage current is discussed in a forthcoming article

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URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01945193

, The expression is valid for a non-degenerated semiconductor (Maxwellian distribution). However, in the case of a degenerated metal, the expression is an approximation for ?n=n 0