Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation

Abstract : Intense sub-5-fs pulses were generated by filamentation in a noble gas and subsequent chirped-mirror pulse compression. The transversal spatial dependence of the temporal pulse profile was investigated by spatial selection of parts of the output beam. Selecting the central core of the beam is required for obtaining the shortest possible pulses. Higher energy efficiency is only obtained at the expense of pulse contrast since towards the outer parts of the beam the energy is spread into satellite structures leading to a double-pulse profile on the very off-axis part of the beam. Depending on the requirements for a particular application, a trade-off between the pulse duration and the pulse energy has to be done. The energy of the sub-5-fs pulses produced was sufficient for the generation of high order harmonics in Argon. In addition, full simulation is performed in space and time on pulse propagation through filamentation that explains the double-pulse structure observed as part of a conical emission enhanced by the plasma defocusing.
keyword : Ultrafast Optics
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Journal articles
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Submitted on : Friday, March 12, 2010 - 10:14:50 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 10:48:02 AM

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Amelle Zair, Anna Guandalini, Florian Schapper, Mirko Holler, Jens Biegert, et al.. Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation. Optics Express, Optical Society of America, 2007, 15 (9), pp.5394-5404. ⟨10.1364/OE.15.005394⟩. ⟨hal-00463602⟩

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