Structural basis of RNA-dependent recruitment of glutamine to the genetic code.

Abstract : Glutaminyl-transfer RNA (Gln-tRNA(Gln)) in archaea is synthesized in a pretranslational amidation of misacylated Glu-tRNA(Gln) by the heterodimeric Glu-tRNA(Gln) amidotransferase GatDE. Here we report the crystal structure of the Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus GatDE complexed to tRNA(Gln) at 3.15 angstroms resolution. Biochemical analysis of GatDE and of tRNA(Gln) mutants characterized the catalytic centers for the enzyme's three reactions (glutaminase, kinase, and amidotransferase activity). A 40 angstrom-long channel for ammonia transport connects the active sites in GatD and GatE. tRNA(Gln) recognition by indirect readout based on shape complementarity of the D loop suggests an early anticodon-independent RNA-based mechanism for adding glutamine to the genetic code.
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https://hal-polytechnique.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00502072
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 13, 2010 - 10:39:57 AM
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Hiroyuki Oshikane, Kelly Sheppard, Shuya Fukai, Yuko Nakamura, Ryuichiro Ishitani, et al.. Structural basis of RNA-dependent recruitment of glutamine to the genetic code.. Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2006, 312 (5782), pp.1950-4. ⟨10.1126/science.1128470⟩. ⟨hal-00502072⟩

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