Uptake of selenite by Saccharomyces cerevisiae involves the high and low affinity orthophosphate transporters.

Abstract : Although the general cytotoxicity of selenite is well established, the mechanism by which this compound crosses cellular membranes is still unknown. Here, we show that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the transport system used opportunistically by selenite depends on the phosphate concentration in the growth medium. Both the high and low affinity phosphate transporters are involved in selenite uptake. When cells are grown at low P(i) concentrations, the high affinity phosphate transporter Pho84p is the major contributor to selenite uptake. When phosphate is abundant, selenite is internalized through the low affinity P(i) transporters (Pho87p, Pho90p, and Pho91p). Accordingly, inactivation of the high affinity phosphate transporter Pho84p results in increased resistance to selenite and reduced uptake in low P(i) medium, whereas deletion of SPL2, a negative regulator of low affinity phosphate uptake, results in exacerbated sensitivity to selenite. Measurements of the kinetic parameters for selenite and phosphate uptake demonstrate that there is a competition between phosphate and selenite ions for both P(i) transport systems. In addition, our results indicate that Pho84p is very selective for phosphate as compared with selenite, whereas the low affinity transporters discriminate less efficiently between the two ions. The properties of phosphate and selenite transport enable us to propose an explanation to the paradoxical increase of selenite toxicity when phosphate concentration in the growth medium is raised above 1 mm.
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Myriam Lazard, Sylvain Blanquet, Paola Fisicaro, Guillaume Labarraque, Pierre Plateau. Uptake of selenite by Saccharomyces cerevisiae involves the high and low affinity orthophosphate transporters.. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2010, 285 (42), pp.32029-37. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M110.139865⟩. ⟨hal-00765895⟩

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