Fragmentation mechanisms of glycine-Cu+ in the gas phase. An experimental and theoretical study.

Abstract : Electrosprayed copper complexes of glycine (GlyCu-) were formed from a glycine/CuX2 (X = Cl, CH3CO2) mixture, in methanol. The collision-induced fragmentation of the most abundant isotopic form Gly63Cu+ was studied as a function of collision energy. Four fragment ions are observed: 63CuNHCH2+, 63Cu+, CH2NH2+, plus a minor loss of H2O. The potential energy surface for formation of these fragment ions has been investigated at the B3LYP/6-311+G(2d,2p)//B3LYP/6-31G* level. Several types of mechanisms were considered, involving either metal insertion into covalent bonds (C-C, C-O, and C-N) or dissociative attachment whereby the metal ion catalyzes the fragmentation by its distant electronic influence. Mechanisms starting with copper insertion into the C-C bond account for the most favorable pathways for the formations of CuNHCH2+ and CH2NH 2+. Dissociative attachment cannot be excluded to participate to the formation of CuNHCH2+ and is the only way to explain H2O loss. Finally, calculations on the possible mechanisms for NH3 loss (not observed experimentally) indicate that the observed ions are the result of a competition between several fragmentation modes with relatively similar energetic requirements.
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Yannick Hoppilliard, Gilles Ohanessian, Sophie Bourcier. Fragmentation mechanisms of glycine-Cu+ in the gas phase. An experimental and theoretical study.. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, American Chemical Society, 2004, 108 (45), pp.9687-9696. ⟨10.1021/jp047905⟩. ⟨hal-00916212⟩

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