Metrology of Multiphoton Microscopes Using Second Harmonic Generation Nanoprobes

Abstract : In multiphoton microscopy, the ongoing trend toward the use of excitation wavelengths spanning the entire near‐infrared range calls for new standards in order to quantify and compare the performances of microscopes. This article describes a new method for characterizing the imaging properties of multiphoton microscopes over a broad range of excitation wavelengths in a straightforward and efficient manner. It demonstrates how second harmonic generation (SHG) nanoprobes can be used to map the spatial resolution, field curvature, and chromatic aberrations across the microscope field of view with a precision below the diffraction limit and with unique advantages over methods based on fluorescence. KTiOPO4 nanocrystals are used as SHG nanoprobes to measure and compare the performances over the 850–1100 nm wavelength range of several microscope objectives designed for multiphoton microscopy. Finally, this approach is extended to the post‐acquisition correction of chromatic aberrations in multicolor multiphoton imaging. Overall, the use of SHG nanoprobes appears as a uniquely suited method to standardize the metrology of multiphoton microscopes.
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Journal articles
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Submitted on : Friday, April 6, 2018 - 3:43:13 PM
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Pierre Mahou, Guy Malkinson, Élodie Chaudan, Thierry Gacoin, Emmanuel Beaurepaire, et al.. Metrology of Multiphoton Microscopes Using Second Harmonic Generation Nanoprobes. Small, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2017, 13 (42), pp.1701442. ⟨10.1002/smll.201701442⟩. ⟨hal-01760698⟩

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